Excluding genetic causes, colorectal cancer is mainly caused by habits of living and eating.
There are many causes of colorectal cancer that people can avoid such as:
– Many studies have shown that consuming red meat such as beef and lamb increases the risk of colorectal cancer.
People, who eat red meat about 160g a day or more than 5 times a week, are three times higher risk of colorectal cancer.
Protein in red meat after fried, grilled or processed into bacon, hams, hot dog will be transformed into substances that increase the risk of colon cancer. Red meat fat is metabolized by bacteria in the intestine into carcinogens, which produces abnormal epithelial cells in the intestinal tract and leads to cancer.
– Eating too little fiber is also a cause of colon and rectal cancer. High fiber diets will increase the consumption of folic acid, which combines fiber and carcinogens in the intestinal wall and helps eliminate them faster by shortening stool retention.
Fiber reduces PH in the colon and increases the production of short chain fatty acids as well as micronutrients which resist oxidation.
– Alcoholic beverages increase the risk of rectal cancer and colon cancer. Using more than 15g / day will increase the risk of cancer.
– Tobacco is not only known as the killer of cardiovascular disease and lung cancer. It is also known to be a very important risk for colorectal cancer for both sexes. Especially when it is combined with alcohol.
– Obesity also increases the risk of colorectal cancer for both men and women. Men are at higher risk. Men with a high body mass index (BMI) are at twice the risk of developing cancer, while in obese women, the risk is only 1.5 times higher for people with normal BMI.
– Physical activity, exercise or exercise will reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. It is based on the prevention of obesity and also reduces the time of stool deposition in the colon.
The above factors we can control, but also factors can not control such as age. More than half of cancers occur in older adults. One point to keep in mind is that life expectancy is increasing, so we always face risk factors for colorectal cancer. It is important to identify risk factors so that more positive precautions can be taken.
To prevent this disease actively, we should not use too much meat, fat derived from animal protein. We should supplement the fiber with fresh barley, fruit, fresh vegetables … These substances dilute carcinogens in the stool and reduce the time of stool deposition as well as produce beneficial bacteria in the intestine.
Consume more vitamin E, C, A and calcium in combination with healthy, active lifestyle and regular exercise.
Everyone knows that most cancers have a long history of development. The onset of cancer depends on the susceptibility and exposure to the risks throughout the life of each person.
There are people who are not sure what to avoid and what to take care of. Therefore, educating people about risk factors is a necessary strategy to prevent and overcome disease.
Source: Center for Communication – Health Education Ho Chi Minh City